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# KAMA Indicator

## Introduction to the KAMA Indicator

The name of the KAMA indicator stands for the Kaufman Adaptive Moving Average.

The author of that indicator Perry J. Kaufman, first introduced that concept in his book titled Smarter Trading: Improving Performance in Changing Markets in the year 1995.

This is a variation of the adaptive moving average, which is built on the exponentially smoothed moving average mixed with the traditional methods of recognizing and applying volatility as a dynamically varying smoothing constant.

The indicator is displayed directly on the main trading chart.

It fits all kinds of timeframes and currency pairs.

The default indicator settings can be modified directly from the input tab. Feel free to experiment with the settings and parameters to fit your personal preferences. Let’s take a closer look at these inputs below.

Period – defines the calculation period;

Applied price – defines the price used for calculations.

The formula for the KAMA indicator:

The calculations of the KAMA indicator are based on the following formula:

KAMA[i] = KAMA[i-1] + sc * (Price[i] – KAMA[i-1])

Where:

sc = (er * 0.6015 + 0.0645) * (er * 0.6015 + 0.0645),

er = Abs(Price[i] – Price[i-Period+1]) / Sum1, and

Sum1 = Sum(Abs(Price[i] – Price[i-1])) from (i-Period+1)

How to use the KAMA indicator:

The KAMA indicator can be used as a dynamic resistance/support level, and the value of the period is adjusted upwards (try using 100 as the value of the period).

Simply, the price is considered bullish when the candles are aligned above the KAMA line. The price is considered bearish when the candles are aligned below the KAMA line.

## How to set up the KAMA indicator in MT5?

Installation Guide

Copy and paste the KAMA.mq5 or KAMA.ex5 indicator files into the MQL5 folder of the Metatrader 5 trading platform.

You can gain access to this folder by clicking the top menu options, which goes as follows:

File > Open Data Folder > MQL5 > Indicators (paste here).

Now go to the left side of your MT5 terminal. In the Navigator find the gauge name, right-click it and select Attach to the chart.

## Bottom Line

The KAMA indicator is well worth adding to your trading collection but remember about having realistic expectations. Just like any other technical analysis tool, is not capable of providing accurate signals 100% of the time. Thus, this forex indicator provides false signals occasionally. Its performance will vary significantly depending on market conditions. Feel free to develop your own trading system based around it.